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Norton Publishers, Excerpt of a 4-Vol. Dictionary of economics. About 40 entries, most around 5 pages, Friedman has 40 pages. Eccles, Robert H. Herz , E. Mary Keegan , David M. Survey, The Economist. The Economist. Santorum proposes zero tax on manufacturing. Fig in references. International Debts, Fig in references. The variety of macro-economic theories being pushed in blogs.

The focus here is on the Dodd-Frank bill derived regulations, but has broad applicability. Trade secret protection of IP. Keep domestic credit. Profiting from bilateral treaties. With Tax havens extract, [EconomistF]. Google, Apple, facebook and Amazon. Excellent bibliography. Useful quantitative data about the PC industry, Taiwan, China, and the move to mobile. Markit, a company controlled by banks, serving banks. Tried to buy LCH.

Clearnet in The rise of Master Limited Partnerships, which are able to circumvent rules placed on cporoporations. Another reason for abloshing corporate taxation [Ch On subpart F. Has corp taxrates. Uses unweighted averages. A novel about big data. An over-the-top takeoff on Google and beyond, focusing on privacy implications. Multiple stories. Extractive industry transparence initiative.

Many good comments. Treasury sluggish in dealing with banks. Source for some quote. Konrad: Fighting multiple tax havens. Journal of International Economics, Eric Engle: Law and Economics ; J. Jurispridence, Elias Clark, Australia publ. Overseas; Economy in Crisis, 4 Nov. Based on [Sulivan] Tax Notes. Differences in audit rates under democratic versus Republican administrations.

Focuses on taxing in the country of residence of the Beneficial owner. See [Barnes]. HP has , employees, 80, in US. ETR Reasons fro indefintly reinvested. Indefinte reinvestment APB 23 temporay outside basis differences, has an exceptions. Section Fader, Bruce G. On iPad. Fama, and K. Data to , found that companies that paid dividends provided a higher rate of return.

The capitalization of external use software development costs is required once functionality is demonstrated. For example, in the UK, SSAP 13 requires that expenditures on pure and applied research should be written off as incurred, but development expenditures may, in certain defined circumstances, be deferred to future periods.

Not applicable as a basis for income tax determination. Formalizes intra-entity. Feenstra and Gordon H. Strongly suggests that globalization has contributed significantly to income inequality. Feenstra et al. Feenstra, Benjamin Mandel, Marshall B. There has never been an easy-to-use and convenient book that addresses salient and fundamental transfer pricing issues.

Designed to specifically assist mid-sized businesses facing transfer pricing issues now and in the future, Transfer Pricing Methods is a comprehensive guide that provides in-depth coverage of various transfer pricing methods and applications that are available to today's mid-sized corporations. Featuring contributions from industry experts, complete coverage includes: Comparable profits methods Cost sharing Transactional net-margin method Adjustments of interest rates Resale price techniques Benefiting from the cost-plus method Market share Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development guidelines Life-cycle analysis Use of multiple-year data.

Critcal comments. Glenn Hubbard eds. Collection of analytical papers. A ISBN True identity on revealed in See FentonPages. WACC and family. Saliba, and Erica S. Defines a. Trade secrets. Finnegan and Herbert H. Cited by [Contractor]. An alternative to patent protection, but the government pays the prize for success. Simplistic, incomplete. Exclusive licenses. On Kindle and hardcover. The US tax system is completely incomprehensible! Also good summary data. Includes a national sales tax. Support for Herman Cain proposal. Run by Gary Robbins.

Outsourcing, Globalization risk. No indication if they are rich. Wagner, and Peter B. Frank: Litigation Services Handbook , cum. Supplement, Wiley. The end result is a tax system so complex that literally no one can master it in full detail. But from Congress's point of view, tax legislation has an additional and very important function: It is a way to raise campaign funds.

Why is it that hardly a year passes without a new tax bill? The reason is that so long as a tax bill is under consideration, with many billions of dollars at stake, lobbyists are actively pressing for the introduction or retention of special provisions to benefit their clients. And so long as lobbyists are active, thousand-dollar-a-plate dinners and similar devices will tap them for campaign funds. That is why members of Congress put such a high value on being assigned to the Ways and Means or Finance committees. Friedman and Roman L. Chapter 9: Robert L. Have copy of section. Fuchs, Alan B.

Poterba: " Why do Economists disagree About Policy? At Johns Hopkins. Predicts integration and liberal democracy eventually globally, and no stable communism. Theories that can be tested within 20 years?. Concepts from Hegel and Nietzsche influenced new geopolitical policies from the US. In the light of those policies, his ideas are changing, in public. See also Huntington.

Push back from [Fukuyama]. Foreign contractors have coaused loss of protected IP. Supply side invokes Arthur Laffer curve , Jude Wanniski. Where do we stand? LLPs, or Sole Proprietor ships. The UK provides no tax relief on second homes. Ref to effect of changes in capital gains. Gale and Benjamin H. Buffet Rule instead of AMT. Affects excessively high mortgage deductions. Long history. Control tax expenditures. Control aggregate. Ryan sunset amd limuiting proposals, Diverse suggestions.

Nothing specific, based on sample. Washington, D. Overdoing it leads to personnel problems. Cost of Compliance. Of the largest US corporations 83 have taxhaven subsidiaries. Worse performance due to other finding peiorities. Reduced performance goals. Data in VIC spreadsheet. Planning By moving to full deductabilty of dividends for corporate profits, territorial taxation becomes closer. But taxhavens can stll be addressed. Does not try to deal with software in general, but focuses on compilers, editors, and opeationg systems, while implying more [ACM].

Posted by Brian Garst on Aug. Capital gains and dividend taxes amount to a double-taxation on individuals who choose to invest. Because dollars invested had to first be earned, they have already been subject to the income tax. Taxing these same dollars again when capital gains are realized serves to deter productive and much-needed investment in our economy. Focus on intermnal audits. Tax law complexity. Excess IRA contributions.

Idnty theft causing misreporting of income. Lack of information. Dealing with differing jurisdictions. Focus on-highrisk cases. Effort needed to implement changes. In addition, the varying legal requirements imposed by different jurisdictions result in complex business structures that make it difficult to determine the full scope and effect of cross-border transactions. If caught, these taxpayers face the imposition of substantial penalties, including the fraud and foreign information return penalties, as well as an increased risk of criminal prosecution.

US multinationals paid 2. Distortion due to interst deduction and LLCs. Behavioral economics is often used as a club to declare that people are irrational. But many forms of allegedly rational behavior are actually efficient. Real people are better at cooperating than Homo economicus. Interesting graph. Xerox, Parc, Apple, and the truth about innovation. Chap In five of the big six firms, the average profit per partner ranges from between pounds , and pounds , But see [BriscoeOT].

Gobeli, C. Mishra, and H. Freemium , from Sonny Chan CS Golder and Gerard J. See Chapter 3 in [Parr]. Based on a study of a Swiss subsidiary of a U. IP was being maintained. Mentions that [Lee] , among many others, cites that rule. It appears that the summaries do not consider that many semiconductor products require multiple licenses.

State and Internet taxation harmonization. Cites case of Quill Corp. W George. RB and QX case. Gopal, T. Mukhopadhyay, M. Krishnan and K. MS01, Eliminate dollar goals. Gordon and Myron J. Gordon and James R. Evidence from U. Gordon and Jeffrey K. Gordon and J. Slemrod, ed. The context was a discussion on jobs going to China. Gravelle and Thomas L. Basis for [GravelleS]. Employee benefit assignments. Counteracts employee benefit assignments. Reviewed by Kimberly Clausing anbd Dsavid Shay.

Basically Bowles-Simpson. Adaptation of Bowles-Simpson. Recomputing RABs. Go back to basic principles if in doubt. Focus on income-based methods. Compares countries. Taxes are on the average nearly half of earnings. Discussion Papers. On Amazon bookshelf. Defines, but applies it to State taxes. Exploit local knowledge. A reasonable rate for a contributory patent set.

Knowledge is cumulative, with each idea building on the last, whereas machines deteriorate and must be replaced" p. Early investment. Breaking the chain of experience. Oiling the guillotine. Little specific advice. Uses data. Exempting foreign income from taxation would increase U. Erlang Distributions. Ratings by country. Cannot separate domestic and foreoign plocy in modern economics. Coeps are as big as middle-sized countries. Worker productivity vs compensation. Effective tax ratw low p.

Low receipts. Stock option graph p. Entertaining diatribe, blames politics, uninformed electorate. Importance of Information. If there is a unifying them, it is informational failure. Cited by Shaxon. Stanley S.


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Surrey helped institute the "tax expenditure budget" in while he was Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy in the Treasury Department. In , the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act PL required that a list of tax expenditures be included in the annual budget. Ignores taxhavens.

Intel example on page Data on dividends and capital gains? Tax prepration time p. Includes Jersey study. University of Michigan and North Carolina , August Draft Maydew, and Jacob R. Equity amd Debt Markets and U. Deterioration of the Massgeblichkeitsprinzip by the folk in the City of London. Considers agriculture, real estate, and repair services non-corp vs all others.

Old model, later improved. Shareholders bear the tax burden, not workers. Corporate person hood. Definitions, Back to Stanford. Frederic M. Scherer, and Katrin Vopel, Balancing costs in public companies, lowering compensation and reducing jobs. Pareto balancing? Intangibles are written off over their useful lives, where the assets have determinable useful lives. Where the intangibles have indefinite useful lives, they are not amortized.

Goodwill has an indefinite life and should not be amortized. Impairment test performed at least annually, If applicable, loss recorded. No impairment if sum of expected future net cash flows from use and disposal of asset is equal to or more than the carrying amount. Data on Pre-IPO pay and derived early market value. Focus on Finacial institutions. Recommendations: Fix 1 Incomplete reporting depends on due diligence, 2 passthru, requires multilateral coppration.

FATCA requires multilateral coppration. Update of a paper Taxes and Wages. If capital stocks are depleted investment shifts to lower wage countries, depressing wages. Statuary tax rates versus actual distribution. Less of a diatribe than the title implies. Hedemann, Michael Sebastiani. Many flow charts. Tax rates are going down except for oil companies.

List of 25 companies, and their effectyive tax rate based on total revenues. LIFO and Oil examptions should remain. Filed with [ SheppardO]. Four well-presented revenue-neutral options, with some numbers. OIptions A, C, and D eliminate cporpotate taxation. No offshore issues directly, but implied in eliminating corporate taxation. Affects tax credits. Comprehensive general quantitative data and experience from CapGemini on globalization. Heylighen: Occam's razor; in Principia Cybernetica Web, Also the principle of parsimony. Base of Bayes. Shirley has a [VitaniL] reference. Himmelberg and Bruce C.

Poterba ed. Fall , pp. Taxhavens may help overall economic growth, and have become more trustworthy — or their clients have become smarter in hiding what is going on. Mentions, but does not measure intangibles. Hines, jr. Financing differences in high tax debt and low tax countries shares.

Blume and S. Durlauf eds. Jeffrey R. Brown and James M. University of Chicago Press, , Small countries not taxhavens had to adapt already to deal with mobility of economic activity, and rely less on income taxes. During the period from to , total world exports and imports grew by an average of 5. From to the rate of growth of international trade relative to world output quickened for all goods to 2. Hirtle, Emily Hudson, and Andrew T.

Hodge: The Countdown is Over. Tax Foundation slides used on Oct. Uses statutory rates. Transfer pricing. Critiques taxation of carried interests. Data on partnerships. Nearly Diatribe. Hoopes, Devan Mescall, and Jeffrey A. Howard only wants to get rid of Lawyers and Juries. See H. Effect of amnesty after release of names of individuals from banks in Liechtenstein etc. Houseman and Kenneth R Ryder, jr eds. Reprinted Equal taxation of all businesses. On Kindle, about Xerox etc.

By FY, discretionary spending was approximately equal to the estimated revenue loss of tax expenditures about 7. Similar to Hiungerford? It does affect imcome distribution. Withdrwn due to political pressures. Has Graphs of actual tax rates. Huntsman, 31 Aug. Original title in 61pt font. Authors are at the University of Chicago. Useful tables and graphs. Premise of Value — an assumption as to whether a business enterprise or intangible asset will be valued in liquidation or as a going concern. The risk premium for through historic averages att of 8. Manage, Perform.

Book Chapters

Section 3 contains definitions for adaptive, corrective, emergency, and perfective maintenance. These four categories cover all of software maintenance. Five initiatives: 1. Infrastructure, 2. Nurture Enterprises, 3. Simplify regulatory review, 5. Develop talent. Mentions only IP protection. But capital is mentioned 48times. Establishes corporate taxation. See [Rostenkowski]. The main law fro transger pricing, only one paragraph, the rest is defined by regulations [IRSregs]. Limits IRC Defines US nearshore taxhavens. Prrovides the definition of intangible property. Corporations Income Tax Return; Dep.

Table 1. Individual Income Tax Return; Dep. Software break update. Commssioner; Office of Chief Counsel. IRS, 6 Dec. As those assertions are erroneous and could be inappropriately reliedon TAB is part of a 5-year plan mandated by congress, First report was April The Computer Journal, Vol. Paper available here. Contributions at international conferences, published in proceedings or book chapters selection E.

The Finite vs. Voronkov ed. EPiC Series, Vol. Manchester, A Compilation of Dutch Computing Styles, ss. Daylight, S. Nanz eds. Unbounded Nondeterminism: an Introduction for the Philosopher of Computing. With L. Autumn workshop: formalisms at the interface with machines, languages and systems, Bertinoro, Italy, 16 October Launch Event "What is a Computer Program?

Strachey's Halting Problem. Prelaunch Event "What is a Computer Program? The long road from proof of concept to real-world autonomous driving. Podcar City Conference, Antwerp, 20 September Category Mistakes in Computer Science. One-hour lecture for the seminar "Interactions between logic, computer science and linguistics: history and philosophy. Monthly seminar on the Philosophy and History of Computing. With D. Edsger W. Dijkstra in the s: proving theorems by programming an ideal, non-existing, machine.

Computability in Europe, Milan, July Earth Observ. Remote Sensing, vol. Gomez, A. Jaziri, and M. Eismann and G. Yokoya, T. Yairi, and A. Remote Sens. Liu, W.

Knowledge Management Tools

Xia, B. Wang and L. Nascimento and J. Li and J. Plaza, E. Hendrix, I. Garca, G. Martin and A. Imaging Vis, Vol. Ohgi, A. Iwasaki, T. Kawashima and H.

Journal Publications

Vane, R. Green, T. Chrien, H. Enmark, E. Hansen and W. Environ, vol. In PT. When the high pressure heater harmed, tube plugging usually applied to fix the trouble. Through this process, the high pressure heater was not fully recovered. The efficiency and failure rate of high pressure heater is decreased and increased respectively. Hence, a root cause failure analysis is conducted to accurately determine the cause of the problem.

The result shows that the cause of failure in high pressure heater are the increase of feedwater velocity, the increase of extraction steam velocity, change of flow patter and heat transfer inside high pressure heater and radial displacement tube that over limit. Based on this result, redesign of high pressure heater is performed by increasing the capacity of feedwater flow in high pressure heater and decreasing the feedwater velocity.

Michael J. Neely

Kim, K. Nuclear Engineering and Design , , pp. Heo, G. Expert Systems with Applications 39 5 , , pp. Applied Thermal Engineering 68 1 , , pp. Huang, C. International Journal of Pressure Vessels and Piping 85 9 , , pp. Hwang, K. Nuclear Engineering and Design 1 , , pp. Simran Khokha, Ritu Gupta, K. Rahul Reddy. Technology has influenced and changed the life of humans in many ways. To design a device that will be serviceable to others is a huge contribution to the society [2]. Today mobile phones smart phones, android etc.

With these advanced features and thought of elderly in mind, a device is designed. This device provides a much more advanced and a safer home to us. Bluetooth Home Automation System is a complex technology that uses information technology to control the electrical appliances and monitors the environment. The design and implementation presented in this paper is of a device which will use bluetooth technology for basic home automation and a wireless home network is desirable which does not incur any additional cost of wiring.

The advantages and disadvantages are also discussed, along with the future scope and application areas. Tamura, T. Togawa, M. Ogawa, and M. Physics, 20, pp. Das, D. Cook, A. Bhattacharya, E. Heierman, III, and T. Vol 2. International Conference on, Volume 2, Nov. Asha Jayachandran, Preetha V. Since transmission of 3D video demands a lot of bandwidth, a new technology that renders virtual views using a color image and its corresponding depth image was proposed. If the depth map is incomplete, the virtual views generated will contain holes or disocclusions which affect the quality of 3D viewing.

Since holes occur when the intensity in depth map changes significantly, smoothening methods were proposed reduce the number of holes. Since smoothening methods affect the edges and destroys the original information in the depth map, Adaptive Compensation method ADC which processes the image in different modes was proposed. Improved Adaptive Compensation method does not produce satisfactory results for images with large number of holes.

A median filtering is incorporated in Adaptive Compensation method to reduce the number of holes. Redert et al. IEEE Int. Zhang and W. Tam, G. Alain, L. Martin, and R. SPIE, vol. Multimedia, vol. Fehn, K. Hopf, and Q. Middlebury Stereo Vision Database. Archana Suryavanshi, A. Abstract: Wireless technology evolution has greatly enhanced automation systems.. The major requirement of this field has been low data rate, extended battery life and secure system. Voice controlled home automation system designed using. Zigbee IEEE Home automation system recognizes user commands with help of HM voice recognitio chip.

This system assists disable persons and persons with limitations.

Poongothai , S. Navaneethan , G. Divya Priya , K. Raghuram2, D. Saravanan3, S. Vignesh4, R. Jaypal J. Mullay, Amol J. Dhawan S. Volume 6, Issue 1 May. Lekshmi Shyam, Kumar G. A method based on high pass filtering and morphological operation is introduced in the proposed method for vessel segmentation. This method can be utilized to detect diseases effecting eyes like glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. Glaucoma is detected by feature extraction and classification. The local binary pattern of the optic disc is extracted to classify the images on the basis of texture. Sparse representation classifier is utilized to classify the glaucomatous eye.

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease caused by the complexity of diabetes. It damages the small blood vessels in the retina resulting in loss of vision. The blood vessel segmentation is an important task in Diabetic Retinopathy detection. Optic disc in the fundus image is detected by Hough transform. After the segmentation the vessels and optic disc are removed from the original image. Diabetic Retinopathy is characterized by the presence of exudates. The exudates are detected by means of imtool operator in the matlab.

Jeyashree, G. Sharmilaand K. Priya and P. Jayaram and A. Kullayamma and P. VII, Issue 1, March , pp. Rekha Raj, Salim Paul. Abstract: Security is an important problem while transmitting information through an open network. Secure transmission can be done by encrypting the information.

There are several methods of encryption. A novel encryption and decryption technique is discussed in this paper. Here the cryptosystem used is a coupled chaotic system in which two one dimensional chaotic maps are combined and used for encryption. Security analysis and Statistical analysis show that this system can encrypt images effectively and can withstand several attacks like brute force attack, chosen plain-text attack etc Keywords: Cipher, Coupled chaotic system, Encryption, Decryption, Security key, Symmetric References: 1. Yicong Zhou, Long Bao and C. Kanso and M.

Communications of the ACM

Sathishkumar ,Dr. Bhoopathy bagan and Dr. Lekshmi T, Smitha P S. Abstract: In multi-channel acoustic echo cancellation MAEC system, thenon-uniqueness problem and misalignment problem occurs due to the correlation between the reference signals. It could affect convergence performance of the adaptive filtering.

So many methods are proposed to get minimum error rate. In this paper, fuzzy logic is used to get minimum error function. The decorrelation is applied through the PCA method. The adaptive fuzzy fusion algorithm improvises, update and check operators obtain optimal solution for defined objective function. To obtain better solution the control parameters are adjusted. It achieves a superior performance in the echo reduction gain and offers the possibility of frequency selective decorrelation to further preserve the sound quality of the system.

Simulationresult for the proposed algorithm has shown a significant improvement in convergence rate compared with existing system. Herre, H. Buchner, W. Benesty, D. Morgan, and M. Khong, J. Wada and B. Morgan, J. Hall, and J. Wada,and B. Wada, and B. Smitha, and D. Sondhi, D. Reduction in duty cycle to conserve energy resulted in reduced throughput.

With the advances in energy harvesting technologies there is considerable research interest in enhancing the performance of WSNs by incorporating the energy harvesting scenario in wireless nodes. To ensure proper operation of the sensor nodes in WSNs with energy harvesting, the design of MAC protocols need special consideration. The study establishes the fact that by suitably adapting the duty cycle, throughput of the node can be increased in addition to extending its lifetime considerably. Akyildiz, W.

Su, Y. Sankarasubramaniam, and E. Demirkol, C. Ersoy, and F. Seah, Z. Eu, and H. IEEE Std. Mirza, M. Owrang, and C. Yoo, M. Shim, and D. Le, A. Pegatoquet, O. Sentieys, O. Berder, and C. Castagnetti, A. Pegatoquet, T. Le, and M. Raghunathan, A. Kansal, J. Hsu, J. Friedman, and M. A well designed exhaust manifold increases the performance of an IC engines. The designing of exhaust manifold is a complex procedure and is dependent on many parameters.

The present work is fundamentally based. The work is majorly focused on reducing. Commercially available CFD software tool is used for carrying out the present analysis. Flow through the exhaust manifold is analyzed using pressure and mass flow boundary conditions. Vivekanand Navadagi, Siddaveer Sangamad. Muthaiah, Dr. Senthil kumar, Dr. Seenikannan, V. Periasamy and P. Yasar Deger, Bukhard simperl, Luis P.

Abstract: A fin is an extended surface1which is used to increase the rate of heat transfer by connecting to the heating surface. The heat transfer rate can be increased by convection process and also by increasing surface area by means of extended surfaces. In the present analysis effect of increase in total surface area to improve the rate of heat transfer is studied. Thermal Analysis is performed for various perforated fin extensions with varied diameter.

The analysis is carried out using commercially available finite element analysis software. Analysis called steady state thermal has been used to find out the temperature variations and heat flux of the fins. International journal of innovative research in science,engineering and technology, volume 4, issue 10, October Karthikeyan, R.

Suresh Babu, G. Vignesh Kumar. Shital B. Salunkhe, Dr. Rachayya R. International journal of engineering technology, management and applied sciences, volume 3, issue 1, January International journal of innovative research in science, volume 3, issue 5, may International journal of IT, engineering and applied sciences research, volume 2, issue 4, April Ecological Culture of the City Environment of Astana. The solution of urban environment problems, the authors analyze in the context of social and cultural development of the city. On the basis of archival materials the natural character of the environmental problems of pre-revolutionary city Akmola is justified.

Using archival sources shows the inadequacy and utopian ideas of purposeful formation of ecologically safe urban districts in the Soviet city of Tselinograd. The features of the solution of environmental problems of the city through the use of new technologies in the project for the construction of Astana are shown. Keywords: city, urban environment, the ecological environment of the city, urbanization, Akmola — the city of the XIX century, Tselinograd — Soviet city, Astana — the capital of Kazakhstan. The first General population census of Russian empire.

Publishing center of the statistics committee M. Under edition by. Akmolinsk area. The state archive of Astana. Nikita Runijha, Abhishek Shrivastava. Due to its reliability and accuracy it has been explored extensively. Fingerprint, iris, hand geometry, palm, face etc are some of the common biometrics traits that can be used successfully for authentication of a person. The accuracy and reliability of the biometrics based authentication system depends on the various important features and feature extraction techniques. Extracted features from the biometrics must be having uniqueness for making biometrics system reliable.

Publication List

This paper present a finger knuckle print based biometric system for person authentication. Radon transform is used for extracting the features of the inner knuckle print image. Simulation results reveals that the proposed system perform very well in recognizing the person with good accuracy.

Keywords: knuckle print, Biometrics, finger features, recognition system. Jain, P. Flynn, A. Ross, Handbook of Biometrics, Springer, Maltoni, D. Maio, A. Jain, S. Prabhakar, Handbook of Fingerprint Recognition, Springer, Ratha, R. Delac, M. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 15 11 Circuits and Systems for Video Technology 14 1 Jain, R. Bolle, and S. Pankati, Eds. Borgen, P. Bours, S. Guo, D. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zuo, Palmprint verification using binary orientation co-occurrence vector, Pattern Recognition Letters 30 13 Kong, J.

You, M. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 25 9 Kong, D. Zhang, M. Kamel, Palmprint identification using feature-level fusion, Pattern Recognition 39 3 Sun, T. Tan, Y. Wang, S. Huang, W. Jia, D. Zhang, Palmprint verification based on principal lines, Pattern Recognition 41 4 Huang, D. Zhang, Palmprint verification based on robust line orientation code, Pattern Recognition 41 5 Pankanti, A prototype hand geometry-based verification system, in: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Audio- and Video-based Biometric Person Authentication, , pp.

Sanchez-Reillo, C. Sanchez-Avila, A. Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 22 10 Jain, N. Wang, W. Yau, A. Suwandy, E. Kumar, K. Woodard, P. Flynn, Finger surface as a biometric identifier, Computer Vision and Image Understanding 3 — Ravikanth, A. Kumar, C. Information Forensics and Security 4 1 Kumar, Y. Zhou, Personal identification using finger knuckle orientation features, Electronic Letters 45 20 Hollien, Forensic voice identification, Academic Press, Burge, W.

Bolle, S. Pankanti, Eds. Nixon, T. Tan, R. Plamondona and G. Loretteb, Automatic signature verification and writer identification — the state of the art, Pattern Recognition 22 2 Abstract: In this paper a wind energy conversion system WECS is designed to supply power to a standalone system consisting of permanent magnet synchronous generator PMSG , a rectifier system, and inverter system to get the desired constant ac voltage respectable of variable wind speed to extract power from the fluctuating wind, controlling of the wind turbine is done by controlling the pitch angle of turbine.

This power is transferred to dc link capacitor through controlled rectifier. This constant dc link voltage is converted into ac of desired amplitude and frequency. Deicke, and W. Polinder, F. Energy Convers. New York: Springer-Verlag, , ch. Chan and L. Chinchilla, M. Control of permanent-magnet generator applied to variable-speed wind-energy system connected to the grid.

IEEE Trans. Thongam, J. Tan, K. Optimum control strategies in energy conversion of PMSG wind turbine system without mechanical sensors. Rolan, A. Bhende, S. Aayesha Ali, Ritesh Bohra. Toppling of the roof in coal mine tunnel, hazardous gases, flooding are the main reason of accidents in the coal mines. The life of the mine workers are always in danger due to theses threats.

It is very important to assess the situation inside the coal mine in term of safety and security of the mine workers. This paper present the monitoring system design for the coal miner which can detect the hazardous gas, humidity and temperature and with the built in wireless module can send these information to the receiver section. Bharathi, B. Search and Rescue Robotics, Dip N. Ray, R. Dalui, A. Maity, S. Robert H.

Erkmen, Ismet, et al. Casper, Jennifer, and Robin Roberson Murphy. Matsuno, Fumitoshi, and Satoshi Tadokoro. ROBIO IEEE, Gabriely, Y. Murphy, Robin R. Baca, M. Ferre, R. Aracil and A. Zhigang, Niu, and Wang Lu. Heng, Iem, Andy S. Zhang, and Ali Harb. Kuntze, H. Mishra et al. Applied Geophysics, vol. Aswini, Jyothi. Amr Mokhtar. Two types of multipath channels, i. They played an important role in the high speed communication systems with higher data rates, higher system capacity and robustness against bad channel conditions, thanks also to the two advanced technologies like MIMO multi input multi output and multicarrier aggregation for updating the LTE and WIMAX with higher bandwidth, higher data rates and better coverage.

A systems approach to understanding IEEE Zakhia Abichar and J.